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        首頁 > 新聞資訊 > Everday English Abrreviations In Interpretation
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        Everday English Abrreviations In Interpretation
        編輯:北京譯海騰飛翻譯公司   發布時間:2012-04-10

        Everday English Abrreviations in Interpretation

        Abrreviations         Source word
        APT                 Apartment
        ACC                 Accountant
        ACDG                According
        ACPT                Accept
        AD                  Advertisement
        ADS                 Address
        ADV                Advice
        AMAP               As much/many as possible
        AMT                Amount
        APV                 Approve
        ASAP                As soon as possible
        BAL                 Balance
        BLDG                Building
        CERT                Certificate
        CFM                 Conform
        CNCL                Cancel
        CNF                 Conference
        CMI                 Commission
        CMP                 Complete
        CMPE                Compete/competitive
        CMU                 Communication          
        CONC                Concern/concerning/concerned
        COND                Condition
        CO.                   Company
        DEPT                 Department
        DISC                 Discount
        DPT                  Departure
        EXCH                Exchange
        EXPLN               Explain
        EXT                  Extent
        FLT                   Flight
        FNT                  Final
        FRT                  Freight
        FYR                  For your reference
        GD                    Good
        GUAR                Guarantee
        H.O.                  Home office
        INFO                  Information
        IMPS                  Impossible
        IMP(T)                 Important
        INCD                   Include
        INDIV                  Individual
        INS                    Insurance
        INTST                  Interested
        I/O                     In stead of
        IOU                    I owe you
        IVO                      In view of
        MANUF                 Manufacture
        MDL                     Model
        MEMO                   Memorandum
        MGR                    Manger
        MIN                     Minimum
        MKT                     Market
        MSG                     Message
        NCRY                    Necessary
        NLT                      No later than
        OBS                      Observe
        OBT                      Obtain
        ORD                      Ordinary
        PAT                       Patent
        PC                        Piece
        PKG                      Packing
        PL                        People
        PLS                       Please
        POSN                      Position
        POSS(BL)                  Possible
        PROD                      Product
        QLTY                      Quality
        QUTY                      Quantity
        RCV                        Receive
        REF                        Reference
        REGL                       Regular
        REP                         Representative
        RESN                       Reservation
        RPT                         Repeat
        RESPON                     Responsible
        SEC                         Section
        SITN                        Situation
        STD                         Standard
        TEL                          Telephone
        TEMP                        Temporary
        TGM                         Telegraph
        THO                          Though
        TKS                           Thanks
        TRD                           Trade
        TRF                           Traffic
        TTL                           Total
        U                              You
        UR                            Your
        WK                           Week
        WL                             Will
        WT                            Weight
        XL                            Extra large

        Z 表示“人”people/person,因為“Z”看上去像個人頭,它通常被寫在一個詞或符號的右上角。例如:日本人:JZ。
        C 表示政府,統治:government,govern 希臘字母C讀/ga:ma/,近似government, 所以就用C來表示govern, government。governmental official 可以表示為 CZ
        P 表示政治:politics, political希臘字母P讀/pai/,近似politics, political。那么politician就可以表示為 PZ
        E 表示總數:total, totally, entire, entirely, on the whole, all in all, to sum up, ect.  E 數學符號表示總值。
        G 表示效率:efficient, effective。G為效率符號。
        Q 表示“通貨膨脹”:inflation因為這個符號酷似一個上升的氣球。
        A 表示農業: agricultureagriculture經常用到,所以用首字母代替。
        B 表示商業:business。
        C× 表示沖突,矛盾:conflict,confrontation“C×”中的“×”表示反對,字母“C”將反對的概念縮小為conflict 和 confrontation。
        W 表示工作,職業: work, employ 等。它是work的第一個字母。所以WZ就可以用來表示worker, 而W(Z在字母上方表示employer, 在字母下方表示employee)。
        i 表示工業: industry, industrial 字母i 像只煙囪,所以用來可以用來表示工業。
        U U 看酷似一個酒杯,在筆記中表示合同、協議(treaty, agreement)一般只有在談判成功、協議成交后才會表示“舉杯祝賀”。如果在U內填入2××××,就可以表示為bilateral(雙邊的), 填入3表示為trilateral(三邊的)。填入在U中填入1表示: Unilateralism(單邊主義),填入m (multiple) 表示多邊主義。如果在U上加一個“/”××××表示談判破裂。
        O 表示“國家”、“民族”、“領土”等:country, state, nation, etc.gO表示進口,Og表示出口
        這個符號酷似一把椅子,可以表示主持、主辦:chair, host, preside over。那么在此符號上加Z表示主席,主持人:chairman, host, etc. 
        T 表示“領導人”:leader, head那么head of government, head of company 便可以表示為 CT
        ⊙ 圓圈表示一個圓桌,中間一點表示一盆花,這個符號就可以表示會議、開會等:meeting,conference, negotiation,seminar,discussion,symposium
        k 這個符號看上像條魚,所以表示“捕魚業”等合fishery 有關的詞匯。
        O 圓圈代表地球,橫線表示赤道,所以這個符號就可以表示國際的、世界的、全球的等: international, worldwide, global, universal, etc.
        J 表示開心:pleasant, joyful,happy,excited, etc.
        L 表示不滿、生氣unsatisfied, discomfort, angry, sad, etc.
        EO 表示聽到、總所周之:as we all know, as is known to all, as you have already heard of, etc.
        O 表示漠不關心、無動于衷:indifferent, apathetic, unconcern, don’t care much, etc.

        三、 箭頭
        g 表示到達、傳達:go into,arrive at,give to,send to,present to etc.
        表示導致、引導:lead to, result in, in the direction of, etc.
        表示屈服:submit to
        f 表示來自于:be/come from,return,receive from, etc.
        表示追溯到:come/go back to,originate
        h 表示上升:up/upward/rise,increase,arise,ascend, etc.
        表示發射、投放市場、發行:launch,open, start, etc.
        表示發展、加強、推進:develop,strengthen, promote, etc
        表示“波折”:ups and downs, twists and turns, etc.

        四、 數學符號
        + 表示“多”: many, lots of, a great deal of, a good many of, etc.
        ++(+2) 表示“多”的比較級:more
        +3 表示“多”的最高級:most
        - 表示“少”: little, few, lack ,in short of/ be in shortage of etc.
        × 表示“錯誤”、“失誤”和“壞”的概念:wrong/incorrect,something bad,notorious,negative, etc. 
        > 表示“多于”概念:bigger/larger/greater/more than/better than, etc.
        表示“高” 概念:superior to,surpass, etc.
        < 表示“少于”概念:less/smaller,etc.
        表示“低”概念:inferior to,etc. 
        = 表示“同等”概念:means,that is to say, in other words,the same as,be equal to, etc.
        表示“對手”概念:a match, rival, competitor, counterpart, etc.
        ( ) 表示“在......之間”:among, within, etc.
        ≠ 表示“不同”概念:be different from, etc. 
        表示“無敵”概念:matchless, peerless, etc. 
        ~ 表示“大約”概念:about/around,or so, approximately, etc.
        / 表示“否定”,“消除”等概念:cross out, eliminate, etc.

        五、 標點等
        : 表示各種各樣“說”的動詞:say, speak, talk, marks, announce, declare, etc.
        ? 表示“問題”:question,issue,例如:臺灣問題:tw? 
        . (dot) 這個“.”點的位置不同表示的概念也不一樣“.d”表示yesterday, “.y”表示last year, “.2m”表示two month ago?!皔”表示this year, “y2.” two year later“next week”, 可以表示為“wk.”
        ∧ 表示轉折
        √ 表示“好的“狀態,right/good,famous/well-known,etc.
        表示“同意”狀態,stand up for,support, agree with sb, certain/ affirmative, etc.
        ☆ 表示“重要的”狀態:important,exemplary(模范的) best,outstanding,brilliant,etc.
        n 表示“交流”狀態:exchange,mutual, etc.
        &  表示“和”,“與”:and,together with,along with, accompany,along with,further more,etc.
        ∥ 表示“結束”:end,stop,halt,bring sth to a standstill/stop, etc.

        六、 較長單詞的處理辦法
        -ism   簡寫為  m 例如:socialism Sm
        -tion  簡 簡寫為  n 例如:standardization (標準化)  stdn
        -cian 簡 簡寫為  o 例如:technician  techo
        -ing 簡寫為  g 例如:marketing (市場營銷) MKTg
        -ed 簡寫為  d 例如:accepted  acptd
        -able/ible/ble 簡寫為  bl 例如:available avbl
        -ment 簡寫為  mt 例如:amendment  amdmt
        -ize 簡寫為  z 例如:recognize regz
        -ful 簡寫為  fl 例如:meaningful mnfl


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